The government did not support any specialized anti-trafficking training for government officials during the reporting period, although new recruits in the Ghana Immigration Service and the GPS received training on trafficking-related topics as part of their basic introductory training.
Although government officials have cited the need for parliamentary approval of a “legislative instrument”—akin to implementing regulations—to apply the 2005 Human Trafficking Act more effectively, the draft instrument remained under review after more than three years.
During the reporting period, the failure to provide operating budgets for law enforcement and protection agencies hampered the government’s anti-trafficking efforts.
Although the Anti-Human Trafficking Unit (AHTU) of the Ghana Police Service (GPS) continued law enforcement efforts focused primarily on cross-border trafficking cases, it once again relied heavily on foreign donors and NGOs to support these efforts and significantly fewer victims were identified.
Additionally, for the fourth year, the government did not provide anti-trafficking training to prosecutors despite acknowledgment that such training was needed.
The government supported protective services for foreign national victims, but did not provide any funding for the human trafficking fund for victim services or to its two shelters, which remained in dangerous condition and unable to provide basic services and security to residents.
The Government of Ghana does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so.
Despite these measures, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing anti-trafficking efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore, Ghana is placed on Tier 2 Watch List.Most of the investigations involved suspected transnational trafficking.One conviction involved forced child labor, while six were for sex trafficking crimes involving adult victims.Ghana is a transit point for West Africans subjected to sex trafficking in Europe, especially Italy and Germany.Reports of corruption and bribery in the judicial system continued, stymieing anti-trafficking measures.The government did not keep comprehensive statistics for the number of trafficking victims identified; however, the AHTU and the Human Trafficking Secretariat reported identifying 146 victims, at least 82 of whom were Ghanaian victims returning from trafficking situations in Gulf countries in 2014.