Fairfield is a town located in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States.
It borders the towns of Bridgeport, Trumbull, Easton, Weston, and Westport along the Gold Coast of Connecticut.
The trolley and later the automobile made the countryside accessible to these newly rich members of the middle class, who brought with them new habits, new attitudes, and new modes of dress. By the time of the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the population had increased to 17,000 from the 6,000 it had been just before the war.
World War I brought Fairfield out of its agrarian past by triggering an unprecedented economic boom in Bridgeport, which was the center of a large munitions industry at the time.
The prosperity created a housing shortage in the city, and many of the workers looked to Fairfield to build their homes.
When they left the following evening, the entire town lay in ruins, burned to the ground as punishment for Fairfield's support of the rebel cause.
10 years later, President George Washington noted that after traveling through Fairfield that "the destructive evidences of British cruelty are yet visible both in Norwalk and Fairfield; as there are the chimneys of many burnt houses standing in them yet." Fairfield recovered slowly from the burning, but soon after the end of the war its houses and public buildings had all been rebuilt.
) is land and 3.4 square kilometres (1.3 sq mi), or 4.15%, is water.
The Mill River, the waters of which feed Lake Mohegan, flows through the town. The best known are wealthy Southport, where General Electric Chief Executive Officer Jack Welch lived for many years, and Greenfield Hill, with its large areas, famous dogwood trees, and picturesque green with its white-spired Congregational church.
As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 59,404.
In 1635, Puritans and Congregationalists in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, were dissatisfied with the rate of Anglican reform, and sought to establish an ecclesiastical society subject to their own rules and regulations.
Fairfield became the home of the corporate headquarters of General Electric (GE), one of the world's largest companies.