The isotope carbon-12 has been adopted as the standard for atomic wt; carbon-14, a radioisotope with a half-life of 5700 years, is used in radiocarbon dating and as a tracer. gr.: (of diamond) 3.51 at 20°C; (of graphite) 2.26 at 20°C.Symbol: C; atomic no: 6; atomic wt: 12.011; valency: 2, 3, or 4; relative density: 1.8–2.1 (amorphous), 1.9–2.3 (graphite), 3.15–3.53 (diamond); sublimes at 3367±25°C; boiling pt: 4827°C 1. Symbol C A naturally abundant, nonmetallic element that occurs in all organic compounds and can be found in all living things. Proteins, sugars, fats, and even DNA all contain many carbon atoms.
This flexibility makes carbon very adaptable in many industries. Safety Issues Basic carbon poses no threat to humans.
But some forms can be toxic including carbon monoxide.
As carbon dioxide, it can be found in dry ice, fire extinguishers, carbonated and fizzy drinks.
Vegetal carbon is sometimes used as a gas absorbent or bleaching agent. Application of Carbon Element Graphite is one of the three carbon allotropes. It is used in steel processing, pencil lead and lubricant.
Frequent Uses of Carbon Heat resistant devices, tools and metal cutters have carbon built in.
The metal is also used in cooling systems and machinery. This is necessary to get compounds and other elements.Plastics are composed of synthetic carbon polymers. When living things become fossilized, they can turn into petroleum, limestone or coal. It takes millions of years for deceased life organisms to assume these forms. But when combined with hydrogen or other elements, it becomes more reactive.Hydrocarbon compound is employed as an energy source. It can also be used for filtering different kinds of substances.The same element can be utilized in medicine to take out poisons, gases and toxins. Other Properties of Carbon The element is abundant. Because of its abundance, it plays an essential role in the stability of the planet via the carbon cycle. This process is responsible for graphite and diamonds.Charcoal, Plastics and Cellulose Charcoal is another kind of carbon. Charcoal is also used by artists as a painting tool. The cycle depicts the intricate interconnection between the living things on the planet. Its molecular structure allows the molecules to join with other elements. The element is present in all living organisms even after they decompose or are altered. Reactive / Nonreactive In its natural state, carbon is nonreactive.It may also be combined with other lethal elements. It is invulnerable to chemical attack or dissolution. However, anyone who wants to learn the uses of carbon has to learn proper safety precautions.