The victim and witness who cooperate with the prosecutor often find that the transportation, parking facilities, and child care services at the court are unsatisfactory and they must often share the pretrial waiting room with the defendant or his family and friends. While the defendant is provided with counsel who can explain both the criminal justice process and the rights of the defendant, the victim or witness has no counterpart and is usually not even notified when the defendant is released on bail, the case is dismissed, a plea to a lesser charge is accepted, or a court date is changed.
This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].
This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.
Victims, witnesses, relatives of those victims and witnesses who are minors, and relatives of homicide victims should, if such persons provide the appropriate official with a current address and telephone number, receive prompt advance notification, if possible, of— proceedings in the prosecution and punishment of the accused (including entry of a plea of guilty, trial, sentencing, and, where a term of imprisonment is imposed, a hearing to determine a parole release date and the release of the accused from such imprisonment).
In preparing the guidelines the Attorney General shall consider the following objectives: All victims and witnesses who have been scheduled to attend criminal justice proceedings should either be notified as soon as possible of any scheduling changes which will affect their appearances or have available a system for alerting witnesses promptly by telephone or otherwise.
107–273, § 3001(c)(1), inserted “supervised release,” after “probation”.
(A) read as follows: “(A) in the case of a killing, the punishment provided in sections 11 of this title; and”. 100–690, § 7029(c), substituted “threatens, or corruptly persuades” for “or threatens”. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site. It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. A victim or witness who, as a direct result of a crime or of cooperation with law enforcement agencies or attorneys for the Government, is subjected to serious financial strain, should be assisted by such agencies and attorneys in explaining to creditors the reason for such serious financial strain. The victim of a serious crime, or in the case of a minor child or a homicide, the family of the victim, should be consulted by the attorney for the Government in order to obtain the views of the victim or family about the disposition of any Federal criminal case brought as a result of such crime, including the views of the victim or family about—A victim or witness who so requests should be assisted by law enforcement agencies and attorneys for the Government in informing employers that the need for victim and witness cooperation in the prosecution of the case may necessitate absence of that victim or witness from work. 110–177, § 205(3), substituted “3 years” for “one year” in concluding provisions.