Separate personality means that the artificial legal person, the company, can do almost everything a human person can do; it can make contracts, employ people, borrow and pay money, sue and be sued, among other things.
These are the exceptions to the rule in Salomon’s Case, when the corporate veil is lifted and the reality of the situation is examined.
It was held that As soon as citizens form a company, the rights guaranteed to them by article 19(1)c has been exercised and no restraint has been placed on the right and no infringement of that right is made.
For all intents and purposes, all acts taken by these two company types are taken by the owners themselves.
The company becomes a legal person in its own right, distinct from the This was seen in the famous case of Salomon v Salomon & Co Ltd (1897).
Macaura's case is depending upon the fact that Company whether private or public is distinct from his owner if he took the policy from insurance company at the name of company then he could claim for damages. Only Macaura’s company, as owner of the timber, which had the requisite insurable interest in it.
Only the company, and not Macaura, could insure its property against loss or damage.The liquidator and the other creditors objected to this, claiming that it was unfair for the person who formed and ran the company to get paid first.However, the House of Lords held that the company was a different legal person from the shareholders, and thus Mr Salomon, as a shareholder and creditor, was totally separate in law from the company A Salomon & Co Ltd.A corporation is a separate legal entity from its owners.In other words, if a corporation, in the course of doing business, is involved in any legal action, then the corporation, for legal purposes, is its own person.The ‘corporate veil’ surrounds the company of Murphy & Co Ltd and prevents outsiders challenging the operation of the company.