The most agreed upon date ranges somewhere between 16 BCE (with ice-core and carbon-dating studies suggesting the earlier date).Following the eruption of Thera, the town of Akrotiri was completely covered in volcanic ash and thereby remained extremely well preserved; for example, through negative casting it has been possible to identify usually perishable items such as wooden furniture, most commonly stools and beds.
The discoveries show that strong links existed during the Bronze Age between Crete and Thera.
Thera is the ancient name for both the island of Santorini in the Greek Cyclades and the name of the volcano which famously erupted on the island in the middle Bronze Age and covered Akrotiri, the most important settlement, in pumice and volcanic ash, thereby perfectly preserving the Bronze Age town.
From 2000 to 1650 BCE Akrotiri became more urbanised with paved streets and extensive drainage systems.
Quality pottery was mass produced and decorated with lines, plants and animals.
Its bow-shaped rim and the remnant isles of Thirasía and Aspronísi form an open lagoon that measures 37 miles (60 km) in circumference.
In the centre of the lagoon are two active volcanic islets, Néa Kaméni (“New Burnt Island”) and Palaía Kaméni (“Old Burnt Island”).
Fresco subjects and style were much influenced by the Minoan civilization - religious processions, goddesses, lilies, crocuses etc.
and by the later Mycenaean civilization on the Greek mainland - griffins and boars’ tusks helmets.
Thera proper consists largely of lava and , the latter of which is the island’s main export. The lagoon is rimmed by red-, white-, and black-striped volcanic cliffs rising to almost 1,000 feet (300 metres).
The summit of Thera is the 1,857-foot (566-metre) in 1956.
The marble used for these vessels probably came from the nearby islands of Paros and Naxos and together with finds of Theran pumice stone (used as a polish abrasive) suggest the presence of inter-island trade.