The origins of baptism might be found in the book of Leviticus where the Levite priests were commanded to perform a symbolic cleansing in water before and after performing their priestly duties.
Leviticus 16:4 tells us, “He is to put on the sacred linen tunic, with linen undergarments next to his body; he is to tie the linen sash around him and put on the linen turban.
The Sponsor is called upon to answer questions put to him/her by the Priest. Notice this from The heresy of the Bogomili was started in the tenth century...followers called themselves Christians and considered their faith the only true one (Klaar K. Next a stick was pushed between the knees and elbows to secure him in this position. They merely symbolized and formally emphasized that God, not man, gave them authority and set them apart for a particular job.
26 I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. Thus it appears as if he really were the precursor of Antichrist. On this particular point the early liturgy is obscure, but two recent discoveries are of very decided interest. In some places it was carefully preserved throughout the year and, by reason of its having been used in baptism, was considered free from all corruption. ( The use of 'holy water' seems to have been adopted by some of the Greco-Romans in the fourth century and became more widespread later.
27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them. The word Baptism is derived from the Greek word, bapto, or baptizo, to wash or to immerse. For, joining the buffooneries of Anaxilaus to the craftiness of the magi, as they are called, he is regarded by his senseless and cracked-brain followers as working miracles by these means. Others, again, lead them to a place where water is, and baptize them, with the utterance of these words, "Into the name of the unknown Father of the universe -- into truth, the mother of all things -- into Him who descended on Jesus -- into union, and redemption, and communion with the powers." Others still repeat certain Hebrew words, in order the more thoroughly to bewilder those who are being initiated, as follows: "Basema, Chamosse, Baoenaora, Mistadia, Ruada, Kousta, Babaphor, Kalachthei." The interpretation of these terms runs thus: "I invoke that which is above every power of the Father, which is called light, and good Spirit, and life, because Thou hast reigned in the body." Others, again, set forth the redemption thus: The name which is hidden from every deity, and dominion, and truth which Jesus of Nazareth was clothed with in the lives of the light of Christ -- of Christ, who lives by the Holy Ghost, for the angelic redemption. The Pontifical of Serapion of Thumis, a fourth-century bishop, and likewise the "testamentum Domini", a Syriac composition dating from the fifth to the sixth century, contain a blessing of oil and water during Mass. Juliani", II, iii, xxv, xxvi; "Liber de Passione S. This belief spread from East to West; and scarcely had baptism been administered, when the people would crown around with all sorts of vessels and take away the water, some keeping it carefully in their homes whilst others watered their fields, vineyards, and gardens with it ("Ordo rom. I should probably add that while I do not know if any oil is used with Roman Catholic baptisms, that oil is placed in the baptismal fonts when they are blessed (normally by a bishop or priest).
28 Then you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; you shall be My people, and I will be your God. I will call for the grain and multiply it, and bring no famine upon you. It signifies, therefore, that washing is of the essential idea of the sacrament... The name of restitution stands thus: Messia, Uphareg, Namempsoeman, Chaldoeaur, Mosomedoea, Acphranoe, Psaua, Jesus Nazaria... But there are some of them who assert that it is superfluous to bring persons to the water, but mixing oil and water together, they place this mixture on the heads of those who are to be initiated, with the use of some such expressions as we have already mentioned (Irenaeus. The formula in Scrapion's Pontifical is as follows: "We bless these creatures in the Name of Jesus Christ, Thy only Son; we invoke upon this water and this oil the Name of Him Who suffered, Who was crucified, Who arose from the dead, and Who sits at the right of the Uncreated. 82) tells of a recluse named Eusitius who lived in the sixth century and possessed the power of curing quartan fever by giving its victims to drink of water that he had blessed; we might mention many other instances treasured up by this same Gregory ("De Miraculis S. The Bible mentions water and the laying on of hands only (Acts ; 19:5-6). Of course, true Christianity could not "borrow" from the sun-cults, but Justin and those that follow his examples apparently have.
(Ezekiel -29) John the Baptist was the first person shown in the Bible to baptize. The most ancient form usually employed was unquestionably immersion. Grant unto these creatures the power to heal; may all fevers, every evil spirit, and all maladies be put to flight by him who either drinks these beverages or is anointed with them, and may they be a remedy in the Name of Jesus Christ, Thy only Son." As early as the fourth century various writings, the authenticity of which is free from suspicion, mention the use of water sanctified either by the liturgical blessing just referred to, or by the individual blessing of some holy person. Justin, known as Justin Martyr, is a Greco-Roman and Protestant saint, though truly an apostate (see Justin Martyr: Saint, Heretic, or Apostate? Justin had practices that were similar to those employed by the followers of the sun-god Mithra (see also For, in the name of God, the Father and Lord of the universe, and of our Saviour Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Spirit, they then receive the washing with water... It should be understood that while Justin calls the newly baptized "illuminated" the Bible does not. As the Bible in no way endorses (nor records) nude baptism, the above demonstrates that pagan practices were used for people who professed, but apparently did not understand, Christ.
3 And he went into all the region around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the remission of sins (Luke 3:2-3). Jesus' baptism, then, was an EXAMPLE to all true Christians. Those called to be real Christians (see also Are You Being Called by God? Notice what the Apostle Peter taught: 38 Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. In the Latin Church, immersion seems to have prevailed until the twelfth century. The similarity is striking...baptized, which Justin calls "illumination" (Latourette KS. The gods were everywhere, and they mingled in every act of life; the fire that cooked the food and warmed the bodies of the faithful, the water that allayed their thirst and cleansed their persons, the very air that they breathed, and the light that illuminated their paths, were the objects of their adoration. And even though Justin is attempting to state that Mithraism copied "Christian" In at least some churches..candidate was baptized naked, the children first, then the men, and finally the women. are used of those in the New Testament, there is never one time that infants or young children are specifically mentioned as being baptized. This call is an essential part of the proclamation of the kingdom: “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent, and believe in the gospel.” In the Church’s preaching this call is addressed first to those who do not yet know Christ and his Gospel. Children have not reached that maturity where they have the self-discipline to truly repent, and believe (Armstrong H. 15 Assuredly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will by no means enter it." 16 And He took them up in His arms, put His hands on them, and blessed them (Mark -16).
After these things Jesus and His disciples came into the land of Judea, and there He remained with them and baptized. 39 For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all who are afar off, as many as the Lord our God will call (Acts -39). After that time it is found in some places even as late as the sixteenth century. Perhaps no other religion ever offered to its sectaries in a higher degree than Mithraism opportunities for prayer and motives for veneration (Cumont, Franz. No one was to take into the water anything except his body (Latourette KS. There is no recorded instance that baptism not allowed unless there was some type of repentance or professed belief. Also, Baptism is the principal place for the first and fundamental conversion. Published in: Triglot Concordia: The Symbolical Books of the Ev. 15 Then they also brought infants to Him that He might touch them; but when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them.
But, after what we have already seen, the reader will probably entertain a different opinion of the source from which the hidden and undisclosed doctrine must have come. Interestingly, Irenaeus says that the Valentinians had heretical views regarding baptism: But there are some of them who assert that it is superfluous to bring persons to the water, but mixing oil and water together, they place this mixture on the heads of those who are to be initiated, with the use of some such expressions as we have already mentioned. Yet is this not close to what is done today within Roman Catholicism, as well as other groups like the Eastern Orthodox, that practice infant baptism? It may also be of interest to note that there is a Jewish tradition to bless children in the seventh month, sometime before a prayer they call Kol Nidre, which happens at the beginning of the Day of Atonement--they do it so they will "inspire their sons and daughters to faithfully keep the path of the Torah" (Gelbard SP. Presumably, this is related to the idea that parents are to always teach their children to God's commandments as set forth in places like in Deuteronomy 6:6-7. Being baptized as an infant into the state church meant being loyal and committed to the state for the rest of one’s life. It was performed as an official ceremony, generally by an individual ordained or commissioned by God.
And, indeed, Father Newman himself admits, in regard to "holy water" (that is, water impregnated with "salt," and consecrated), and many other things that were, as he says, "the very instruments and appendages of demon-worship"--that they were all of "Pagan" origin, and "sanctified by adoption into the Church."( Hence it is known that infant baptism is not from scripture and that somehow it entered Catholicism from a secret ordinance. And this they maintain to be the redemption (Irenaeus. It is not just the Church of Rome that used unbiblical traditions related to infant baptism. Rite and Reason: 1050 Jewish Customs and Their Sources. Click the following link to watch a video of the blessing of little children: The Blessing of Little Children Ceremony. Even more extraordinary is the outburst of Manz’s accuser, Ulrich Zwingli, one of the leading Swiss Reformers. The ceremony centered around God's servant praying aloud as he placed his hands on the recipient of his petitions.
What was the position of at least one Eastern Orthodox leader?